India: Flora

Total Number of Known Living Species

  • Flora: ~47,500 species – about 7-8% of the world’s total plant species.
    • Includes ~15,000 flowering plants. 
    • Includes 2,603 tree species. 
    • About 15,000 plants are threatened or endangered, about 33% of all plants in India, including 18% of its tree species.
    • There are 35 billion trees in India, or only 25 trees per person.

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