Iceland: Flora

There are between 5-6,000 plant species in Iceland, including fungi and lichen. (Guide to Iceland – Flora Under the Arctic Circle)

  • Vascular plant species number ~540 – about .13% of the world’s nearly 400,000 plant species. 
  • Includes 150 tree and large shrubs species.
  • Includes 23 fern species native to Iceland.
  • Includes over 3,000 fungi species. (IINH-Fungi)
  • IUCN reports no threatened or endangered plant species in Iceland.