India is home to over 1.4 billion people, the world’s second most populous country, occupying the world’s seventh largest area of land – including water surface – of nearly 3.3 million square kilometers or about 1.3 million square miles. Still, with such a huge population, India is only the world’s 30th most densely populated country with 428 people per square kilometer or 1,108 people per square mile. Like China, that’s because its surface area is so large. China has the world’s largest population with the fourth largest land area but ranks number 82 in population density.
With so many people relying heavily on its natural resources, India has remained home to a large variety of wildlife and expansive, lush wildlands making it a global biodiversity hotspot. Its diverse ecosystems span from the Himalaya Mountains, its tropical rainforests and sandy flats, to its marshy mangroves and river deltas. Its entire southern portion is surrounded by the Indian Ocean, the world’s third largest ocean containing 20% of the planet’s surface water.
Along with this diversity comes both extreme challenges as well as great opportunities. This page is about the home of India, where people are part of and can connect with the heart of India and see what it is truly all about… its similarities to the rest of the world as well as its uniqueness. This is the beginning of the India hub and expedition on Ecology Prime™. This is India….
Official Language: Hindi (there is no one national language)
- Official Sublanguage: English
- The India constitution recognizes 22 languages as its official cultural languages.
Unique India Facts: Did You Know…?
- India is a water rich country with 4% of the world’s freshwater resources (India-WRIS 2015), yet it is home to over 18% of the world’s total human population. The rivers have been the heart and soul of India’s growth as well as culture.
- Out of India’s 3,119 towns and cities, just 209 have partial water treatment facilities, and only 8 have full wastewater treatment facilities (Word Health Organization – India).
- India is projected to have the fastest growing rate of energy consumption globally through 2050, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA).
- Over 80% of India’s energy needs are met by three fuels: coal, oil and solid biomass. (IEA)
- Natural gas and modern renewable sources of energy, particularly solar, are gaining ground, and were least affected by the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic in 2019-2022.
- India is the world’s third largest consumer of electricity and the world’s third largest renewable energy producer with 38% of energy capacity installed in the year 2020.
- At the Paris Climate Accords, India committed to producing 50% of its total electricity from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.
- India initiated the International Solar Alliance (ISA), an alliance of 121 countries. India was the world’s first country to set up a ministry of non-conventional energy resources (India Ministry of New and Renewable Energy – MNRE) in early 1980s.
- India’s biggest challenge to significantly increasing its energy consumption from renewable energy is that the nation’s economy is largely based on coal; however, the country is committed to building a robust post-coal economy by investing in strengthening and re-training coal-dependent communities.
- India is home to some of Asia’s rarest animals, such as the Bengal Fox, Asiatic Cheetah, Marbled Cat, Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Lion, Red Panda, Indian Elephant, Snow Leopard, Asiatic Wild Ass, Lion Tailed Macaque, Indian Rhinoceros (One-horned Rhinoceros), Markhor, Gaur (Indian Bison) and Wild Asiatic Water Buffalo.